NEUROPSYCHOLOGY AND ADHD
Neuropsychology is used to study the relationships between mental processes and brain structures. By using neuropsychological evaluation techniques such as clinical interviews, computerised tasks, and questionnaires, the neuropsychologist can identify cognitive difficulties (e.g. memory and concentration difficulties) related to ADHD or sleep disorders and develop appropriate interventions to improve the affected functions.
Several therapies are used to treat ADHD and sleep disorders. It is important to know that ADHD is a complex condition and therapies may vary depending on the severity of symptoms, age, and overall health of the patient. After establishing a personalized assessment, I work collaboratively with the patient and/or treating physician to develop a personalized treatment plan.
I use two specific therapeutic approaches: metacognition - to improve knowledge of cognitive processes - and cognitive rehabilitation, which trains, stimulates, and compensates for deficient cognitive processes with exercises.
COGNITIVE BEHAVIOURAL THERAPY (CBT)
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a form of psychotherapy that aims to help patients understand and change the thoughts and behaviours that contribute to their emotional and behavioural problems. It is based on the idea that our thoughts, emotions, and behaviours are interconnected and that negative or irrational thoughts can lead to negative emotions and behaviours.
When a patient's treatment requires CBT, I use techniques such as problem-solving, exposure exercises, recognition of automatic thoughts, emotional regulation, and relearning behaviours to help replace negative thoughts (or behaviours) with more adaptive ones.
CBT is very effective in ADHD, depression, and anxiety, in particular, because it is brief and actively involves patients in their own healing process.
ACCEPTANCE AND COMMITMENT THERAPY (ACT)
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is a form of behavioural therapy that aims to help patients accept painful and difficult life experiences rather than struggling against or avoiding them.
If a patient's treatment requires ACT therapy, I use techniques such as mindfulness, unconditional acceptance, cognitive defusion, and patient value focus. I encourage the patient to focus on actions that are in balance with their values and to make decisions based on their long-term vision.
I particularly recommend ACT for cases of depression, anxiety, mood disorders, or substance-related disorders.
Of course, the choice of therapy used to treat a patient is individualised and determined in collaboration with the patient and/or their treating physician.